P (1990) Spix-Ara Cyanopsitta spixii: Bericht über ein 1985-1988 durchgeführtes Projekt. These species survive in captivity only. The Caatinga is filled with desert vegetation like small, thorny trees and cacti. Size: Body length: 55-60 cm (22 - 24 inches)Tail Length: 26-38 cm (10 - 15 inches)Wing length: 25-30 cm (10 - 12 inches)Average Wingspan : 1.20 m (3.94 ft); Weight: The Spix’s macaw is extinct in the wild, due to habitat loss, persecution and the illegal pet-trade. They are fed by both parents, and they fledge at about two months old. The Spix's Macaw, Cyanopsitta spixii, has been extinct in the wild since the last solitary male disappeared from the Melancia Creek watershed south of Curaça, Brazil in October 2000.The future of the Spix's is now determined by efforts to reintroduce the Spix’s Macaw into its historical habitat. As the name suggests, Spix’s macaw is a type of true parrot: a long-tailed, vibrantly-colored New World bird. Spix's Macaws heavily rely on a Caraiba woodland habitat with the Caribbean Trumpet Trees along the Rio São Francisco corridor for feeding and nesting. The Spix’s Macaw feeds mainly on seeds and peanuts from non-endemic plants from Brazil, including Paranà pine nuts and Cnidoscolus quercifolius which have been introduced from Argentina. Furthermore, although several samples (particularly in Barra Grande and Riacho Vargem) were found with seedlings under 3o cm in height, most were seriously nibbled and would probably not survive the dry season. The trees are fairly evenly distributed and occur at an average density of 10.2 mature specimens per 100 m (see Table 1). Species. Goats, sheep and cattle had been excluded from this sample where saplings were discovered, indicating clearly that excessive grazing pressure has led to poor regeneration of T. caraiba in the other samples. Although surrounded by structurally and floristically distinct caatinga vegetation, the gallery woods seem to be related to the caatinga region and T. caraiba is not known to occur elsewhere in a comparable formation. Indeed, since only a single individual is thought to remain, we conclude that trapping for the live trade has led to the virtual extinction of Cyanopsitta in nature. The breeding season in the wild was between November and March. Even if a population is found, it is very unlikely to be of a big size and therefore, the bird remains on the list of … The Spix's macaw population seems to have been in trouble for a long time. The Spix’s macaw is named after the Johann Baptist von Spix, the German naturalist, who, in 1819, collected a specimen from the banks of Brazil’s Rio São Francisco in northeast Bahia. The most recent confirmed sighting of a non-captive Spix’s macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii)—the bird that inspired the popular children’s films Rio (2011) and Rio 2 (2014)—occurred in 2000, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and other authorities … Oryx 24:24-228.Meyer de Schauensee, R. (1971) A guide to the birds of South America. of the Melância creek whereT. Table 2 shows that only 1.5 per cent of specimens were in the 10-20 cm DBH class and saplings between 30-200 cm in height were found in only one of the ten samples (see Table I). Second, fine alluvial deposits were present. The dead crowns of these trees were stronglv favoured and the bird showed a preference for particular perches. The Spix's macaw is one of the most colorful birds found in Brazil. Although no conclusive evidence could be gathered to confirm such a preference, a strong positive correlation was found to exist between hole density and the amount of standing dead wood (r = 0.818, P<0.02). At this time, the Spix’s macaw was already rare. Its plumage is mostly in blue. The Spix Macaw is native to Brazil. al. Spix's Macaw Cyanopsitta spixii has always been a very poorly known species from the arid interior of north-east Brazil. The endangered status is applied on the macaws, which live in the wild. The fact that Cyanopsitta has been held in collections for the last century or so may be one reason for the confusion concerning the range of this species. Their natural habitat was Tabebuia caraiba gallery woodland beside seasonal creeks, in ‘caatinga’, the dry scrub zone. The name was later given to this species in his honor. The area in which the single male macaw resides is certainly large enough for his survival, but the destruction of the caatinga woodland that has been occuring in the push for more fertile farmland has doubtless had a great effect on Spix's macaw populations. The narrower and rockier upper reaches of the creeks were found to have no T. caraibaand it is perhaps absent here due to unfavourable regeneration conditions. Pickering, Ontario: Silvio Mattacchione and Co.Thomsen, J. Breeding begins in August for these birds in captivity. Distribution of the Macaw. Its plumage is mostly in blue. Spix’s macaw, also known as little blue macaw, is a medium-sized parrot having its roots in Northeast Brazil. A fully integrated conservation package is proposed that reflects the multiplicity of conservation needs of Spix's macaw. The information collected indicated that two factors may be important determinants of the distribution of T. caraibawoodland. Two Juvenile Spix's Macaw. Their habitat preferences embody grassy plains, woodlands, palm groves, and marshes. Spix’s Macaw Habitat Spix’s macaw once occupied the interior northeastern parts of Brazil, including the states of Bahia and Piaui. The hatching of chicks must coincide with the natural breeding biology of wild macaws within the release habitat. Their complete dependence on this habitat prevented the Spix's Macaw from expanding into surrounding territories, which left them vulnerable to any disruptions in its habitat. Cyanopsitta spixii. If, as is suggested by earlier published accounts, Spix's Macaw is able to tolerate a wide range of vegetation-types, we would expect the information from other regions to be of much better quality. (1989) Parrots of the World. These areas are also where pasture lasts longest into the dry season. Male and female adults look similar, the female being slightly smaller. Spix’s Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii) This dusty blue bird earned popular attention for inspiring the characters in the 2011 animated film, Rio. They have also been relentlessly trapped for the illegal cage-bird trade. The Spix's Macaw Re-Introduction Project is tasked with reintroducing the "extinct in the wild" Spix's Macaw, the rarest parrot in the world. Brasilia: Editora Universidade de Brasilia.Silva, T (1989) A monograph of endangered parrots. Gangorra Farm, Curaça, Brazil. Physical Description. This has led to the siting of most human habitation in the creeks, which in turn has posed additional pressure through the collection of fuelwood. Spix’s Macaw is one among Endangered Species listed by IUCN also known as the little blue macaw, a bird native to Brazil is a member of tribe Arini and subfamily Arinae, it was first described by German Naturalist Georg Marcgrave. Most macaws have black or gray eyes when young, these changing to yellow or brown as they mature. It is thought that when this species was more abundant, the males competed for females as well as nesting spots. 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