The new scheme began in 2007. GlobalTrade.net - Import Export Services, International Trade Resources © 2014. The reclamation of land from surrounding waters is used in Singapore to expand the city-state's area of usable and natural land. Dec. 30, 2020. The region's $435 billion economy constitutes Japan's fourth largest economic center, representing about 10 percent of national GDP – comparable in size to the Netherlands. Japan has few natural resources, and trade helps it earn the foreign exchange needed to purchase raw materials for its economy. The program will shift responsibility for production planning from MAFF to farm co-ops, increase subsidies to large farmers, and open domestic rice distribution to more players. Reflecting the deepening economic crisis in late 2008, however, major digital appliance manufacturers such as Kansai-based Sharp and Panasonic announced steps to decrease production and reduce spending. Supported by well-developed infrastructure and advanced technology, the region is home to many world-class Japanese manufacturers such as Toyota, machine tool giant Yamazaki Mazak, power tool makers Okuma and Makita, office automation producer Brother Industries, and diversified conglomerates including Honda, Yamaha, and Suzuki. Through its close relationship with Central Japan public and private sector entities, the Commercial Service in Nagoya works to uncover commercial opportunities for U.S. firms in a variety of sectors. The following checklist which is not complete and does not cover all possible conditions may serve a useful purpose by indicating areas justifying attention: Located about halfway between Tokyo and the southern tip of Honshu, Japan’s largest island, it is the birthplace of many of the country’s largest trading companies’ and headquarters to a number of Japan’s leading corporations including Nintendo, Kyocera, Sharp and Panasonic. A large-scale application of land reclamation has occurred at Rotterdam. Members of the National Diet, from whose ranks come most of Japan's Cabinet ministers, have small staffs and they rely on bureaucrats for policy initiatives and the drafting of legislation. Land reclamation projects have claimed 60 per cent of Japan’s tidal flats, half of Japan’s seacoast and about one-third of its wetlands, mainly to reclamation for agricultural, industrial and commercial use (NACSJ 2003; Danaher 1996). the creation of new islands), the process to reclaim land was made especially stringent, requiring the purpose of reclaimed land to be of pivotal national benefit and in the national interest, with the While Japan's economic structure and business culture are somewhat different from that of the United States, U.S. companies can successfully adapt. The soil properties of surface and … In this regard, this session reviewed various dimensions of land reclamation: history and current status, political economic drivers of land reclamation, the importance of preserving wetlands as migratory Land reclamation should be seriously concerned regarding the long-term resilience of the coasts and the people of East Asia. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill , is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake. “Japan has done its utmost to smear China and create tensions in the region,” Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said at a regular news briefing. Aichi Prefecture (capital: Nagoya) is the political, economic, and transportation center of the region. Zeballos, C., & Yamaguchi, K. (2011) Impacts of land reclamation on the landscape of Lake Biwa, Japan. The outline of the defense white paper, reported this week, described China’s actions in the Spratly Islands, known as Nansha in Chinese, as “high-handed.”. Hokkaido leads Japan in production of sugar beets, kidney beans, potatoes, wheat, soybeans and many other agricultural products. Whether you are looking for reclamation or construction sand, International Mineral Resources has extensive knowledge with an experienced team from ground extraction and processing to transport and shipping. Phytoplankton is the base of the aquatic food chain/web. What is worthy of attention in this research project is the knowledge that land reclamation … The Consulate believes many sectors of the Kyushu/Yamaguchi economy offer promising opportunities. Japan's industrialized, free market economy is the second-largest in the world. Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is composed by woods and mountains). All foreign exchange transactions to and from Japan — including transfers of profits and dividends, interest, royalties and fees, repatriation of capital, and repayment of principal — are, in principle, freely permitted unless expressly prohibited. Major U.S. companies have established research and production facilities in electronics, computers, and medical devices, and are also active in architecture, design and construction, energy, insurance and finance. stormwater flooding. As for export opportunities, home building materials and interiors, packaged homes, sporting/outdoor goods and equipment, marine products, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment continue to be particularly promising sectors in northern Japan. In addition to local and regional activities in support of foreign enterprises, Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) has selected four areas in Japan to receive additional national assistance for incentives and promotion of foreign direct investment in particular industries. Land reclamation is most simply done by adding material such as rocks, soil and cement to an area of water; alternatively submerged wetlands or similar biomes can be drained. Megacities, 1,281 Agents, Distributors and Service Providers in Japan. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. (Former governor Nakaima initially took a negative stance toward the land reclamation project, but made a sudden Hokkaido, in particular, is showing gains in its tourism industry with the total number of visitors to Hokkaido increasing to 6.49 million people in 2007, an increase of over 170,000 people compared to 2004. Such factors are often beyond the control of individual farmers and for this reason appropriate policy decisions and corrective measures become the responsibility of respective governments. The Economic/Commercial Section of the U.S. Consulate in Fukuoka has been actively assisting U.S. businesses and promoting their interests in the region for over 40 years. By Japanese standards, Okinawa's market is relatively small but there are still significant opportunities for U.S. businesses. In addition, major urban renewal schemes completed or underway in metropolitan Tokyo have contributed to lower land and business costs in recent years. This region is traditionally known as Japan's gateway to Asia and enjoys extensive historical, cultural, and trade ties with continental Asia, particularly South Korea, Taiwan and mainland China. Toll roads, however, are expensive. In this study, soil and hydrological properties in an upland field catchment, which was reclaimed partially from a forest catchment, were compared with another forest catchment. There are examples of negative impacts, from land reclamation, upon environments in the Netherlands, North America [4], Bahrain [6], Singapore[7], Malaysia [8]and Hong Kong [9]. The Commercial Service office in Sapporo covers four of the six prefectures in northern Honshu: Aomori, Akita, Iwate, and Miyagi (in addition to Hokkaido). Japan’s capital city Tokyo (population 12.6 million) forms the core of an urban area that, along with the suburban prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama, and Chiba, boasts a total population of over 34 million, roughly equivalent to the New York and Los Angeles metropolitan areas combined. Hokkaido's economy mostly depends on services (71.3 percent of the workforce) and construction (19 percent). The United States remains an important trading partner, but trade with Asia is predominant and Kyushu is becoming increasingly integrated into the East Asian regional economy. AU - Hirai, Yukihiro How U.S. CDC missed chances to spot COVID-19's silent spread, ‘Indian Migrants in Tokyo’ sheds light on an overlooked community, Former SMAP stars test broadcast television’s relevance, China bill allowing coast guard to use weapons puts Japan on notice, U.S. Senate confirms Lloyd Austin in historic vote, installing first Black defense secretary, Episode 78: Japan's foreign residents are trapped — Part 3, Directory of who’s who in the world of business in Japan. In post-war Japan, land reclamation has been carried out nationwide with relative ease. Kyushu has a strong agricultural sector, producing about 20 percent of Japan's agricultural output, and ranks first in Japan in livestock output. AU - Ito, Tatsuya. Tokyo reports 393 new cases of … Japan eventually emerged from the post-bubble “lost decade” of the 1990s and enjoyed its longest period of sustained, albeit modest, economic growth in the post-war era. However, access issues still hamper farm trade due to high tariffs on processed food products, restrictive plant quarantine measures on fruits and vegetables, trade-limiting quotas and complicated labeling practices. for agricultural purposes, industrial use or port expansions. When Japan’s Agriculture Basic Law was revised in 1999, the GOJ set the goal of achieving a food self-sufficiency rate of 45 percent by 2010. With its long history of openness to foreign influences, the Fukuoka area has an established reputation as a useful test market for new consumer products, services, and retail concepts before they are expanded to wider areas of Japan. Resource which contains thousands of Industry Reports and Business Tips. Japan’s economy entered recession, with real GDP contracting at a 1.1 percent seasonally adjusted annualized rate for the first three quarters of the year. While occupying only 11 percent of Japan’s total land area, the Kansai has a population of 24 million people (19 percent of Japan’s total), concentrated primarily in the cities of Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. Despite the economic downturn, good prospects exist for U.S. firms in alternative energy consumer goods, automotive parts (particularly ones focusing on electric or hybrid vehicles), motorcycle, aerospace, manufacturing equipment and systems, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), environmental remediation, and business aviation. Not one of the religions is dominant, and each is affected by the others. Once a project is approved, as part of the land management and reclamation plan, soil (sometimes including muskeg or peat) is removed and stored for use when the site is reclaimed. In addition, Okinawa has established a separate Information and Communications Industry Promotion Zone and a Financial Businesses Promotion Zone that offer similar benefits and include subsidies to promote the employment of Okinawan youth and support measures to reduce the cost of domestic and overseas communications. The combination of improved market access and declining domestic production resulted in excellent export growth for U.S. agriculture through most of the 1990s, and made Japan our top overseas export market. Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and bushes. Under the present legal system, environmental impacts are usually assessed on condition that reclamation plans are given clearly. Kansai consumers, who have a reputation for being demanding, have also helped make the region a key test market for new products in Japan. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. After months of negotiations, Japan finally passed a rice reform program that will end its costly production adjustment program by 2009. There are several impacts that land reclamation has had on coastal ecosystems: 1. The Kyushu/Yamaguchi Region of southwestern Japan consists of seven prefectures on Kyushu Island (Fukuoka, Oita, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Kagoshima) and Yamaguchi prefecture on the southern tip of Honshu, with a combined population of over 15 million. It is Japan's undisputed center of government, business, higher education, information, media, fashion, and culture. The January 28, 2009, IMF World Economic Outlook Update forecasts that Japan’s GDP will shrink 2.6 percent in calendar year 2009 and recover to positive 0.6 percent in calendar year 2010. Growing economic ties with the Russian Far East and the prospect of future development in Russia's oil and gas sector have led to regular commercial flights between Hokkaido and Sakhalin. Kansai is the name given to the nine-prefecture region of western-central Japan, consisting of Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, Shiga, Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Fukui, and Tokushima. Understanding the effects of land use change on the hydrological cycle is very important for development of sustainable water resource in an upland field catchment. Steps in Land Reclamation. Japan's industrialized, free market economy is the second-largest in the world. At the same time, the number of Diet members posted to senior positions in the ministries was increased from an average of two or three to five, to strengthen the control of elected officials over the bureaucracy. Japan, Hua said, should “stop all of these provocative actions and words against China’s territorial sovereignty.”. In 2007, northern Japan's direct imports from the United States totaled approximately $2.1 billion. Approval of Land Reclamation in Henoko: The Japanese Government Must Take the Public Opinion in Okinawa Seriously Today, Okinawa Governor Onaga Takeshi revoked the approval of land reclamation in Henoko as part of the relocation of MCAS Futenma to Nago City. Vol.19, pp.683-692. In 2008, despite the worsening economic conditions, a record 6 million people visited the island. These prefectures comprise Japan's agricultural heartland, with dairy production and farming in Hokkaido and highly prized rice growing in Akita and Miyagi. These two firms are continuing to build new factories but have begun to alter investment plans in Iight of the sudden drop in consumer demand. Okinawa Prefecture is also promoting policies that encourage the introduction of Foreign Direct Investment. U.S. companies like Texas Instruments and Teradyne have facilities here. Japan’s airports are also among the most expensive in the world. In some jurisdictions, including parts of the United States, the term "reclamation" can refer to returning disturbed … Hence, properties of reclamation in port districts were investigated. Consensus forecasts project the recession to continue into 2009, as export-driven manufacturing sectors have been particularly affected by the global downturn. As a result, innovative new products ranging from the world’s first blue light emitting diode to instant noodles have started in Kansai. We support his decision and demand that the Japanese U.S. companies are aided by the fact that, due to their history, Okinawans tend to be open to imported goods and are already familiar with many U.S. products. Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics; The extreme shortage of land in the conurbations of Japan, which is also noticeable everywhere in Kobe, and the constantly growing demand for land and deep water for its expanding port industries, have led since the mid-1950s to the increasing reclamation of land from the sea by means of landfill. Steps in Land Reclamation. Legally there was no serfdom; but the Indian wage workers, or peons, were reduced to virtual serfdom through indebtedness. On Oct. 20, an Indonesian court overturned a lower court’s earlier ruling that Islet G developer PT Muara Wisesa Samudra (MWS) must halt land reclamation activities in … Visitors from Asia and Australia were the largest contributors to the increase in foreign visitors. For example, Okinawa has established Japan’s first Special Free Trade Zone and is offering various tax incentives, including exemptions from national and local taxes, to those companies who locate in this zone. Kansai International Airport is the only 24-hour airport operating in Japan. In 2001, the bureaucracy was reorganized from 22 ministries and agencies to 13. Socio-economic and even political considerations often become extremely important in accentuating the problems of land degradation through salinization, sodication and related processes. Export stars include wheat, soybeans, corn, pork, frozen corn and mixed vegetables, citrus, wine, cherries, and processed snack foods. While manufacturing is prevalent in Fukuoka prefecture's surrounding areas, the city's economy is services-based, with many large retail outlets and regional headquarters offices for banking, insurance, and real estate. The entire geographical region centered on the capital — often referred to as the “Kant?” — accounts for about one-third of Japan’s total GDP. Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. Japan - Japan - Religion: The indigenous religion of Japan, Shintō, coexists with various sects of Buddhism, Christianity, and some ancient shamanistic practices, as well as a number of “new religions” (shinkō shukyō) that have emerged since the 19th century. However, in 2007, the Diet approved legislation that established restrictions on the types of post-retirement jobs former senior government officials can accept and centralized authority for finding such employment in the National Personnel Agency. These areas include the city of Yokohama in neighboring Kanagawa Prefecture (for IT and electronic components) and Chiba Prefecture (for biotechnology). These record-high international trade figures represented 9.3 percent and 7.8 percent increases over 2006. The role of government institutions in the economy has been changing over the past decade as the central government pursues a long-term program of administrative reform and deregulation. Kobe, Japan Land reclamation What is Reclamation of land What is Reclamation of land What is Reclamation of land what is reclamation of land what is reclamation of land Land reclamation also known as land fill (not to be confused with landfill) is the process of creating new land The criticisms, she added, are an attempt to exaggerate the claimed threat that China poses to regional stability. Its members come from more than 1,200 companies, and its 60- plus committees and sub-committees are highly visible lobbyists for U.S. business interests. Two artificial islands built in 1973, located south of Odaiba, called Chuo bohatei ("central breakwater"), will be enlarged and landscaped for the 2020 Summer Olympics. The government and developers are considering future plans to add more, with about 4,600 square miles in potential land to potentially reclaim. Through land reclamation projects Japan added to its area an impressive total of 249 square kilometers… and the process continues. [1] In Sir Stamford Raffles’s original layout of Singapore town, he had reserved the north bank of the Singapore River for government use, and the beach front that stretched from the Esplanade to Rochor River for the European merchants. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. Disruption of the food chain/web. Japan's port practices are generally inefficient by developed country standards and import processing, while improving, remains relatively slow. According to the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry, there were 139 factory construction projects underway in the Kansai region as of June 2008. The city enjoys excellent transportation infrastructure, including Kyushu's principal international airport, high-speed ferry service to South Korea, and the southern terminus for Japan's bullet train network. Though domestic protection is still strong, market access has improved over the years via persistent negotiations in the WTO by the United States and others that forced Japan to eliminate some of the agricultural market access barriers for which it was once famous. The region’s superb transportation, communication and infrastructure links are supported by a progressive, entrepreneurial business climate. In Japan, a system was first introduced in 1972 for public works only. After achieving one of the highest economic growth rates in the world from the 1960s through the 1980s, the Japanese economy slowed dramatically in the early 1990s, when the "bubble economy" collapsed, marked by plummeting stock and real estate prices. In 2005, MAFF announced the outline of a new farm subsidy program that departs from the current commodity-specific support given to practically all farmers and launches direct payments targeting larger scale farmers. The effects of land reclamation. Where earlier quotas and outright bans restricted the market for U.S. beef, citrus, fruit juice, cherries, apples and ice cream, all of these markets have now, to some degree been opened. Toyota Motor Corporation, the region’s largest company and symbol of its manufacturing might, is supported by hundreds of second and third-tier firms including manufacturers such as Denso, Aisin, Aichi Steel, and Toyota Industries. More than $1.6 billion in additional U.S. imports to northern Japan also entered Japan through Tokyo, Yokohama and Osaka before being transshipped to their final destination in the north. The social and political impact was more positive. Kansai is an economic giant, with traditional industries of digital consumer electronics, electronic components, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and textiles led by cutting edge new tech sectors such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, industrial ceramics, robotics and photovoltaic power technology. More firms are showing interest in purchasing properties in northern Japan. In order to exploit the steadily increasing numbers of tourists visiting Okinawa, foreign and domestic companies from outside Okinawa have begun taking an active interest in investing in the island’s tourism industry. Most major Japanese companies, trade associations, and foreign companies have their headquarters or major branches in Tokyo. There are also efforts underway to create a gaming industry in Okinawa. U.S. Embassy officers liaise with more than 20 of these committees, and work closely with the ACCJ on market access and investment issues. Japan's reservoir of industrial leadership and technicians, well-educated and industrious work force, high savings and investment rates, and intensive promotion of industrial development and foreign trade produced a mature industrial economy. Our reclamation sand is suitable for many land reclamation, building and construction projects that are currently underway and for future projects throughout Japan. There are several impacts that land reclamation has had on coastal ecosystems: 1. The number of tourists visiting Okinawa continues to grow steadily. Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and bushes. Japan (110 square miles) Japan has reclaimed about 96 square miles from Tokyo Bay, which now serves as land that is home to its largest industrial park. Political and Economic Environment in Japan. In 2007, Kansai exported $20.4 billion in goods and services to the United States and imported $9.2 billion during the period. In FY 2005, Kansai's GRP (Gross Regional Product) was ¥101.1 trillion ($923 billion at $1=¥110). Sponsored contents planned and edited by JT Media Enterprise Division. Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. Political and Economic Environment in Japan, GlobalTrade.net - Import Export Services, International Trade Resources, View folder Business Environment in Japan. Dubbed Japan's "Silicon Island", Kyushu accounts for 25 percent of Japan's total production of semiconductors. impact of land reclamation. Globally the simplest method is called infilling where the target region is filled with numer… On Tuesday, China said it had completed some of its reclamation work and would begin to build facilities for a range of civilian purposes, as well as “necessary military defense needs.”. The impacts of land reclamation activities are … Unfortunately this content has been depublished and is no longer available on GlobalTrade.net. On a bigger scale, land … The value of Japan’s agricultural production has been falling since the mid-1980s, with key sectors seeing decreasing production in most years. Japan's central government has begun full-scale land reclamation work in order to relocate a US military base to Henoko in Okinawa despite local protests. Yes. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences: Elsevier. The Effects of the Earthquake Disaster : This doesn’t have to be a patch of land. Land reclamation requires heavy construction work, bulldozers, scrapers, excavators, continuous operation digging machines, concrete pourers etc. Through land reclamation, an area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction. There are two types of land reclamation … In the course of implementing EIA under these systems, the need for an integrated system/standardized rule was recognized. No. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill. Although impact magnitude depends on reclamation scales, the economic and geographic backgrounds of reclamation scales have been rarely analyzed. China says it has undisputed sovereignty over wide swaths of the South China Sea, a claim that overlaps with those of a number of other countries, including Vietnam and the Philippines. Its economy is highly efficient and competitive in areas linked to international trade, but productivity is far lower in protected areas such as agriculture, distribution, and services. Related items. In addition, Okinawa also has the lowest wages in Japan and offers a wide a range of subsidies and tax incentives for potential investors and employers. “Japan’s real intentions are all too clear,” she said, “doubtlessly to find an excuse for its unprecedented adjustments to its security policies.”. Study areas, data and method In order to asses coastal land reclamation, population figures were taken as the primary element to select cities for this study. Okinawa offers U.S. firms potential business opportunities in connection with first class resort hotels and hotel operations, marine sports, outdoor equipment and related services. Convicted? To achieve this, the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) encouraged farmers to grow wheat and soybeans in place of rice, and introduce more market-oriented pricing policies for dairy, vegetable, and livestock products. Thus, it is typical for one person or family to … Land reclamation is most simply done by adding material such as rocks, soil and cement to an area of water; alternatively submerged wetlands or similar biomes can be drained. In addition to the reliance of Japanese elected officials on campaign contributions from business, major industry associations and quasi-governmental regulatory bodies also provided lucrative post-government employment called amakudari (literally "descent from heaven") for senior bureaucrats as well as lower-level bureaucrats who regulate their industries. Japan has seen a recent uptick in defense spending as the administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pushes to beef up the country’s passive security policy to allow the Self-Defense Forces to expand overseas operations in the name of collective self-defense. Growing military might and increasingly aggressive behavior toward its neighbors a slight from. 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