The territory now known as Andalusia fell within the sphere of influence of ancient Mediterranean mythological beliefs. In a mere 50 km (31 mi) one can pass from the subtropical coast of the province of Granada to the snowy peaks of Mulhacén. This was a Castilianization of Al-Andalusiya, the adjectival form of the Arabic language al-Andalus, the name given by the Arabs to all of the Iberian territories under Muslim rule from 711 to 1492. To the south the geographic subregion of Upper Andalusia lies mostly within the Baetic System, while Lower Andalusia is in the Baetic Depression of the valley of the Guadalquivir.[9]. Cultura y tradiciones. Rather than a single dialect, it is really a range of dialects sharing some common features; among these is the retention of more Arabic words than elsewhere in Spain,[190][191] as well as some phonological differences compared with Standard Spanish. Together with "sand and sun" tourism, there has also been a strong increase in nature tourism in the interior, as well as cultural tourism, sport tourism, and conventions[citation needed]. [195] In the year 2000, Andalusia's roughly 100 bullrings hosted 1,139 corridas.[195]. In urban transport, underdeveloped public transport systems put pedestrian traffic and other non-motorized traffic are at a disadvantage compared to the use of private vehicles. Andalousie. In the 18th century, commerce from other parts of Spain began to displace Andalusian commerce when the Spanish government ended Andalusia's trading monopoly with the colonies in the Americas. Within the Sierra Morena, the gorge of Despeñaperros forms a natural frontier between Castile and Andalusia. Andalusia alone is comparable in extent and in the variety of its terrain to any of several of the smaller European countries. In recent decades the Andalusian tertiary (service) sector has grown greatly, and has come to constitute the majority of the regional economy, as is typical of contemporary economies in developed nations. Despite their marginal quality, the poorly consolidated soils of the sandy coastline of Huelva and Almería The Nationalist rebels bombed and seized the working-class districts of the main Andalusian cities in the first days of the war,[79] and afterwards went on to execute thousands of workers and militants of the leftist parties: in the city of Cordoba 4,000;[80] in the city of Granada 5,000;[81] in the city of Seville 3,028;[82] and in the city of Huelva 2,000 killed and 2,500 disappeared. After the conquest of Toledo in 1086 by Alfonso VI, the Crown of Castille and the Crown of Aragon dominated large parts of the peninsula. In addition, limestone, clay, and other materials used in construction are well distributed throughout Andalusia. Birds of prey (raptors) include the Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), and both the black and red kite (Milvus migrans and Milvus milvus). Above all, it’s the great Moorish monuments that compete for your attention here. Resounding with flamenco, the fabulous Spanish region of Andalusia (or Andalucía) has world-class attractions, wonderful scenery and welcoming beaches. A Meeting point between travellers and tourism professionals. The isoglosses that mark the borders of Andalusian Spanish overlap to form a network of divergent boundaries, so there is no clear border for the linguistic region.[192]. Among the more important Andalusian cities besides the provincial capitals are: In conformity with the intent to devolve control as locally as possible, in many cases, separate nuclei of population within municipal borders each administer their own interests. Here, Andalusia’s inviting spirit and endless activities cultivate a strong sense of … Andalucía is located south of the Iberian Peninsula. This represented 9.15 percent of regional GDP, far below the 15.08 the secondary sector represents in the economy of Spain as a whole. The Atlantic coast is overwhelmingly beach and gradually sloping coasts; the Mediterranean coast has many cliffs, above all in the Malagan Axarquía and in Granada and Almería. Notable sculptors in these traditions include Lorenzo Mercadante de Bretaña, Pedro Millán, Juan Martínez Montañés, Pedro Roldán, José de Arce, Jerónimo Balbás, Alonso Cano, and Pedro de Mena.[169]. [83] The city of Málaga, occupied by the Nationalists in February 1937 following the Battle of Málaga, experienced one of the harshest repressions following Francoist victory with an estimated total of 17,000 people summarily executed. The Andalusian horse is strongly built, compact yet elegant, distinguished in the area of dressage and show jumping, and is also an excellent horse for driving. [129] Commercial fishing produces only 0.5 percent of the product of the regional primary sector by value, but there are areas where it has far greater importance. Andalusia hosts an annual festival for the dance of flamenco in the summer-time. The music of Andalusia includes traditional and contemporary music, folk and composed music, and ranges from flamenco to rock. We are a team of local architects, experts in organising tours in Andalusia focusing on architecture, urban planning and landscaping. [133], The Andalusian industrial sector has always been relatively small. The etymology of al-Andalus is itself somewhat debated (see al-Andalus), but in fact it entered the Arabic language before this area came under Moorish rule. [52] The Sierra Nevada, part of the Cordillera Penibética in the Province of Granada, has the highest peaks in Iberia: El Mulhacén at 3,478 metres (11,411 ft) and El Veleta at 3,392 metres (11,129 ft). The seat of the High Court of Justice of Andalusia is located in the city of Granada. One reads southern authors. Its results in regional and general elections have been mostly residual, but at the local it holds more than 100 councilors and several mayorships. There is also the annual Vuelta a Andalucía bicycle road race and the Linares chess tournament. An annual pilgrimage brings a million visitors to the Hermitage of El Rocío in Almonte (population 16,914 in 2008); similarly large crowds visit the Santuario de Nuestra Señora de la Cabeza in Andújar every April. [164], The monumental architecture of the centuries immediately after the Reconquista often displayed an assertion of Christian hegemony through architecture that referenced non-Arab influences. [49] The Andalusian terrain offers a range of altitudes and slopes. The duo Los del Río from Dos Hermanas had international success with their "Macarena", including playing at a Super Bowl half-time show in the United States, where their song has also been used as campaign music by the Democratic Party. The white symbolised pardon in the Almohad dynasty, interpreted in European heraldry as parliament or peace. Archeological digs at Doña Blanca in El Puerto de Santa María have revealed the oldest Phoenicians city in the Iberian peninsula; major ruins have also been revealed at Roman Italica near Seville.[163]. New here? A number of different Muslim dynasties of North African origin—notably Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty—dominated a slowly diminishing Al-Andalus over the next several centuries.[71]. Sierras de Málaga. An increase in the adult population, as the earlier, larger cohort born in the "baby boom" of the 1960s and 1970s reach adulthood. Andalusia is the site of such pilgrim destinations as the Santuario de Nuestra Señora de la Cabeza in Andújar and the Hermitage of El Rocío in Almonte. As in sculpture, there were Sevillian and the Granadan schools of painting. On the Mediterranean side is the Andalusian Mediterranean Basin and the upper portion of the basin of the Segura. Clearly, the European pillar is the Rock of Gibraltar; the African pillar was presumably either Monte Hacho in Ceuta or Jebel Musa in Morocco. The city has a Museum and Natal House Foundation, dedicated to the painter. Fruits—mainly citrus fruits—are grown near the banks of the Guadalquivir; almonds, which require far less water, are grown on the high plains of Granada and Almería. The genre embraces distinct vocal (cante flamenco), guitar (toque flamenco), and dance (baile flamenco) styles.[177]. , Spain has become a country of net immigration the etymology of the end of the European. 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