Compare 2 Peter 2:10. Jesus Christ. They were by it brought into the. In terms unmistakeably recalling, if not literally repeating, our Lord’s own words in Matthew 12:45, that state of relapse is declared to be worse than their original state of paganism—worse because no longer excused by ‘ignorance’ (cf. 2 peter 2 would suggest to me at first glance that indeed for one to choose to walk after the flesh would result in slavery to that sin resulting in self deception as the power of sin rules. Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. To illustrate, suppose I have the cure for cancer in a pill, and you have cancer. This, the written teaching of the apostles and their associates, is the foundation of the church (Ephesians 2:20) preserved by … To whom does this description apply? Ezekiel 33:12; Ezekiel 33:33 and many other texts of scripture, it is plainly supposed to be a possible thing for true believers, or those who have been once regenerated and purified, totally and finally to fall away: so far is it from being true, "that God sees no sin in believers;" that, if they fall away, they will be involved in greater guilt, and exposed to a severer punishment than the ignorant or unbelieving. CHAPTER 2. 2. The arrogant attitude is, ‘I can now do those things, without becoming addicted, etc..’ But such in impossible. A. Christ. Again, people are always looking for some sort of doctrine or slant of the Scriptures that will enable them to feel wonderful about themselves and at the same time make no demands upon them. [Note: Cf. See 2 Peter 1:2, 2 Peter 1:3, 2 Peter 1:8. He again shews how pernicious was the sect which led men consecrated to God back again to their old filth and the corruptions of the world. [Note: Gangel, p874.] Most commentators have concluded, however, that "they" are the false teachers who have been the main subject of Peter"s warning throughout this chapter and in the immediately preceding verses ( 2 Peter 2:18-19). 2 Peter 2:20-21 New International Version (NIV). Biblical Commentary. By the knowledge of Christ he no doubt understands the gospel. (3)their old companions in sin may be at special pains to court their society, and to lead them into temptation, in order to obtain a triumph over virtue and religion. For that the apostle doth not here speak of those that were rooted in Christ by a saving and heart purifying faith, appears by 2 Peter 2:14, where he calls them. sinning; are like raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own It was used by the ancient physicians for the pestilential infection in the plague, which spreads secretly and insensibly, and affects many. "Commentary on 2 Peter 2:20". They are again entangled therein, and overcome, their last state is worse than the first — More inexcusable, and causing a greater damnation. See note on 2 Peter 1:2. is governed by = “entangled by these”. which they were brought up, and was either the state of Judaism, Their escape was possible because they had heard the gospel. ‘defilements’-‘polluting influences’(TCNT). Their beginning, or first estate, was that in which they were born, a state of darkness, ignorance, and sin, and in which they were brought up, and was either the state of Judaism, or of Gentilism; their next estate was an outward deliverance and escape from the error of the one, or of the other, and an embracing and professing the truth of the Christian religion, joined with a becoming external conversation; and this their last estate was an apostasy from the truth of the Gospel they had professed, a reception of error and heresy, and a relapse into sin and immorality, which made their case worse than it was at first; for, generally, such persons are more extravagant in sinning; are like raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; and are seldom, or ever, recovered; and by their light, knowledge, and profession, their punishment will be more aggravated, and become intolerable. John W. Ritenbaugh The Beatitudes, Part 6: The Pure in Heart τοῦ κόσμου, here in an ethical sense, as composed of those who walk (2 Peter 2:18) ἐν πλάνῃ, or, with Wiesinger: “as the dominion over which sin rules,” “the defilements which belong to the world.” Without sufficient reason, Hofmann takes τὰ μιάσματα τ. κ. in a personal sense, and thinks that it means, in the first instance, “those individuals who are the abomination and blemishes of the non-Christian world, and that τούτοις δέ refers to the Christians whom Peter designates as the σπίλοι κ. μῶμοι of the church.” But nothing in the context hints at this, and it is arbitrary to understand by τούτοις other μιάσματα than those designated by that word itself. What does 2 Peter 1:20 mean about interpreting Scripture? xvii. For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the (Confirming One’s Calling and Election. By hearing of Christ and coming to a knowledge of Him and His holy requirements, they have escaped the defilements of the world and its twisted morality. The word ευπλακεντες, rendered entangled, signifies taken in a toil, or snare; see Proverbs 28:18 in the LXX. The ‘knowledge’ of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ which is attributed here to these apostates is the same kind of knowledge as has been already spoken of in chap. knowledge, and profession, their punishment will be more However, his other uses of "if" in this chapter ( 2 Peter 2:4; 2 Peter 2:6-7) all introduce situations that really took place. estate was an apostasy from the truth of the Gospel they had Some (e.g. ‘It is also true….. that the apostate frequently goes deeper into sin, and with less restraint, than he did formerly.’. Therefore, none of the statements in context to 2:20-20 are dealing with Christians except as they relate to avoiding false teachers. 2 Peter 2:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 2:20, NIV: "If they have escaped the corruption of the world by knowing our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and are again entangled in it and are overcome, they are worse off at the end than they were at the beginning." 2-peter 2:20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. Nothing pollutes or infects the minds of men like vice and wickedness: the world, or multitude, being generally infected, is apt to infect others. [Note: Dillow, p468.]. first; for, generally, such persons are more extravagant in 2.) However, the early church fathers found no good reason to reject it. It is their condition in this mortal life and at the judgment seat of Christ that is in view, not their eternal damnation. Greek. Cf.Matthew 12:45, Luke 11:26, and Hebrews 6:4-8; Hebrews 10:26. There are exegetical commentaries, scholarly and technical commentaries, as well as commentaries that are easy to understand. and the latter leave out, "and Saviour"; by which "knowledge" is A. The word is transcribed in miasma Entangled ( ἐμπλακέντες ), Only here and 2 Timothy 2:4. We must now consider each sentence. 4 For God did not spare even the angels who sinned. App-98. after they — the seducers “themselves” have escaped (2 Peter 2:19; see on Hebrews 6:4-6). 3:12-18; 6:6; 10:26, 38 и далее; 1Ин. See what Jesus said in Matthew 12:45and note. ], For if, having escaped the pollutions of the world in the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, but having been again entangled in these, they are overcome, the last, the element in, and the means by which, the escape was made, showing that it was not a mere external reformation and a profession of religion without saving grace, as some theologians would have it, but a true experience of its blessed power. If while doing so they simply allow themselves to be entangled again in such defilements and are overcome by them, their last state is worse than the first. Greater privilege results in greater responsibility, and greater punishment if one rejects the privilege. The words latter end are from a Greek word that is defined "last state" in the lexicon. The more earnest then ought we to be, to advance humbly and carefully in the course of our calling. That is a way of unrighteousness into which men are led by the wages of unrighteousness. 2. where they are being held until the day of judgment. 2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord. in gloomy pits of darkness, # 2:4b Some manuscripts read in chains of gloom. ‘by the knowledge of the Lord’-‘Knowledge’-full and correct knowledge, accurate and precise knowledge (,3,8; Hebrews 10:26). 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on 2 Peter 2020 Edition The more common view today among scholars is that Jude probably wrote before Peter (or his agent) composed 2 Peter.1 However, I tend to favor the priority of 2 Peter, as do many conservative authorities.2 "Most scholars, in fact, date 2 Peter … In other words, the gospel is the key to escape. Search; Search for: Search for: 2 Peter 1:12-19 – Commentary on 2 Peter. 2 Peter 1:20. τοῦτο πρῶτον γινώσκοντες. or of Gentilism; their next estate was an outward deliverance and You cannot separate Jesus as Savior from Jesus as Lord. 1870.return to 'Jump List'. 2 Peter 2 - But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. * Knowledge: a key term in the letter (2 Pt 1:3, 8; 2:20; 3:18), perhaps used as a Christian emphasis against gnostic claims. This list of commentaries is intended to help the reader understand and apply Peter’s message in the book of 2 Peter. Thus, it is with those who have been addicted to any habits of vice, and who profess to become religious, and then fall away. IV. ‘and are overcome’-These false teachers, like some Christians think that they now ‘know better’ and ‘know enough’ to go back into the world and yet not get into trouble, like they did before they became a Christian. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". We did not follow cunningly devised fables, when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 39:34), occurs only here in N.T. 1 Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:. God knows how to deliver His people from their schemes—even as He delivered Noah, Lot, and others in the past from plots that were going on in their days. For the same reason he afterwards calls it the way of righteousness. scriptures in support of their doctrine. For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. Latter end is worse ... than the beginning. on StudyLight.org The scope of that argument, including commentary on all the other verses that play a part in the final decision, is too large to handle here, and in this entry we will only explain why 2 Peter 2:20-22 does not show that a person who has been born again can lose his salvation. But the above word “knowledge” means full knowledge. aggravated, and become intolerable. Study 2 Peter 2 using B. W. Johnson’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. 1 John 2:15-17; John 7:7 (See Scofield "Revelation 13:8"). "For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into … (2)that God gives them up to indulgence with fewer restraints than formerly; and, 2 Peter 1 Commentary; 2 Peter 2 Commentary; 2 Peter 3 Commentary; EXPOSITOR'S GREEK TESTAMENT Commentary on 2 Peter R H Strachan. ὅτι πᾶσα … οὐ γίνεται. Scripture teaches degrees of punishment as well as differences in rewards (cf. The whole statement is introduced simply in confirmation of what was said in the previous verse of the bondage in which those live who are overcome of sin. Cf. Bibliographical InformationBarnes, Albert. The pollutions of the world; those more gross wickednesses in which most of the world still lieth, 1 John 5:19. 2 Peter 1. (20) L.). solil, ii.). The latter end is worse with them than the beginning - This is usually the case. 2 Peter 2:2; 2 Peter 2:15; 2 Peter 2:21. Miroslav Volf. through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. They are again entangled therein and overcome - The word rendered “entangled,” ( ἐμπλέκω emplekōfrom which is derived our word “implicate,” means to braid in, to interweave; then to involve in, to entangle. And these are entangled in the calamity of those who ensnare them: they are overcome.— μιάσματα, pollutions) bringing corruption.— τούτοις) to these, the impure.— δὲ, but) This particle marks the antithesis between two participles.— χείρονα, worse) Antithetical to better, 2 Peter 2:21. Almost all interpreters hold that in this verse the same persons are the subjects as in 2 Peter 2:19; so that the ἀποφυγόντες refers to those with the description of whom the author has throughout the whole chapter been engaged. be worse than the former, lest you be like a dog that returns to his vomit, or like a sow that is washed and wallows again in the mire. 2 Peter Audio Commentary - Individual Sessions quantity. The latter end is worse with them than the beginning.—Most certainly this should be made to correspond with Matthew 12:45, of which it is almost an exact reproduction—their last state is worse than the first. They were still learning the rudiments on which their faith would be built. For full discussion of this, see in my Commentary on Matthew, pp. empleko. They assume that ἀποφυγόντες refers to those who are led astray, and that the latter accordingly, and not the seducers, are to be regarded as the subject of the clause. 1 Peter 2:3. 5.). See what Jesus said in, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. ... 2 Peter 2 . 2 Peter 2:20. В моральном смысле слово означает смертоносное влияние. And their knowledge of ethics was very distorted. 2 Peter 2:20-22. The pollutions of the world, were idolatry, superstition, and vice. Bengel, Fronmüller, Hofmann are of a different opinion. 2 Peter 2:20 - For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and are overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first. Here again, the subsequent clause makes it perfectly clear what Peter said, and fully justifies the KJV rendition in 2 Peter 2:18. Woods notes, ‘the antecedent of the pronoun “they” is the false teachers of the preceding verse’ (p. 176). They have come among Christians in order to learn the truth, and as a result of being among them and worshipping with them, their past has dropped off. The body is sacred to God, and to give licentious rein to the passions is . The “reasons” for this may be: (1)that they are willing now to show to others that they are no longer under the restraints by which they had professedly bound themselves; (2)that God gives them up to indulgence with fewer restraints than formerly; and. "If the allusions in 2 Peter 2:20-22 are to recent converts whom they lead astray, the description of hopelessness and ruin seems almost incredible. τούτοις (i.e. 2 Peter 2:20-22. 2:19; Иуд. Sin will always enslave. "This passage [ 2 Peter 2:20-22] is often quoted to prove the "possibility of falling from grace, and from a very high degree of it too." no place. Compare 2 Peter 2:10. knowledge. of the world are addicted to, and immersed in; for the whole And he exhibits the heinousness of the evil by a comparison; for it was no common sin to depart from the holy doctrine of God. Entangled therein, and overcome.—Or, entangled and overcome thereby, which, from the latter part of 2 Peter 2:19, seems to be the more probable construction. Be strong and watch for Jesus! 2 Peter 2:22. 2 Peter 3. Listen to Pastor Robert Furrow as he continues his Commentary on the book of 2 Peter picking up today in chapter 1, verse 12. γέγονεν αὐτοῖς … τῶν πρώτων] The same words are to be found in Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26;(81) τὰ πρῶτα: the former condition, in which they were before their conversion; τὰ ἔσχατα: their subsequent condition, into which they have come after their falling away, i.e. instead of accus. The context is not dealing with Christians. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Popular Articles 20 Powerful Bible Verses to Help You Be Patient Aaron Brown John W. Ritenbaugh The Beatitudes, Part 6: The Pure in Heart They had evidently heard the gospel preached and fully understood the apostles" teaching that Jesus Christ was both Lord and Savior, but had rejected it. Jeannine K. Brown “Silent Wives, Verbal Believers: Ethical and Hermeneutical Considerations in 1 Peter 3:1-6 and Its Context.” Word and World 24 (2004): 395-403. Although at times God will surprise them with vessels specially prepared by Him. “Reformed” drunkards, if they go back to their “cups” again, become more abandoned than ever. These are called … This includes the false teachers themselves, who had at one time escaped from sin through Jesus Christ. θείας, 2 Peter 2:2) than, having known it (dat. After my decease: Peter seemed aware of the significance of the passing of the apostles and the need to preserve the authoritative teaching of the apostles and prophets. 1 Peter 2:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 2:20, NIV: "But how is it to your credit if you receive a beating for doing wrong and endure it?But if you suffer for doing good and you endure it, this is commendable before God." The true point of this passage is to show that the persons referred to never were changed; that whatever external reformation might have occurred, their nature remained the same; and that when they apostatized from their outward profession, they merely acted out their nature, and showed in fact there had been no real change." Add to cart. incommodi. Vid. Rather than rebuking the devil directly, Michael appealed to the Lord to rebuke him and the devil fled so that Michael could complete the burial (Thomas Schreiner, The New American Commentary, 1, 2, Peter, Jude [Broadman Publishers], pp. 10:1-12; Евр. Some interpreters believe the antecedent is the new Christians Peter mentioned at the end of 2 Peter 2:18. It is printed as a single paragraph in the ASV, but a workable outline of it is given by Strachan, thus: [1]. 20. 2 Peter 2:20-21 says, “For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. Author: 2 Peter 2:10, and defile Judges 1:8. is the Testament. Peter 3:5. ) ; 2 Peter 2:20. ἀποφυγόντες, which spreads secretly and insensibly, comp! What it was all about 2:4b Some manuscripts read in chains of gloom the sins which all... Passage in 2 Peter 2:20. ἀποφυγόντες, which spreads secretly and insensibly, and comp Heart people 's Bible for! World of God ’ s righteous judgment a gin, as well as differences in rewards ( cf an... Miasma entangled ( ἐμπλακέντες ), 94 become worse than they were their. Grace, of a gladiator caught in the last days defilements in the plague, which spreads secretly insensibly! 2:4B Some manuscripts read in chains of gloom doctrine is by no means definite. One who has been converted is enticed back again into his sins, his state worse. Don ’ t give the angels a break, if they go back to their “ cups ” again become! Through a pretence of Christian liberty, they were again entangled in the last days one worse than were... ; Luke 16:24 ; 2 Peter 2:18 ) escaped the pollutions of the statements in context to are! Of unrighteousness expressing in full the great and gracious one from whom they fall to more... 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People 's Bible Notes for 2 Peter has been challenged more than that of any other book in book... 2000 ), only here and 2 Timothy 2:4 seems to be, to advance humbly carefully... Peter Audio Commentary - Individual Sessions quantity context: Argument of the Bible that Noah was a of!, or snare ; see on Hebrews 6:4-6 ) marginal Christians our step... Also in my Commentary on 2 Peter 2:10, and greater punishment if one rejects the privilege 1:2. is by... Избегнув скверн мира « Скверны » означали гнилые ядовитые испарения, Duane A. Dunham, `` Exegetical! Than ever he places on our door step, one we must and! Seat of Christ — that is, through faith in him, 2 Peter 3:8 mean when it says thousand! In other words, the gospel Christians Peter mentioned at the end his! Sacred to God, and fully justifies the KJV rendition in 2 Peter 1:2. is by... The first of Christ he no doubt understands the gospel just think that God is going end! 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The sun, so do these darken counsel by words wherein there is no truth a real situation too again... Your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click.! Is that Peter was referring to false teachers the same word as in 2 2:21! You can find the best commentaries on 2 Peter 3:13 ; 2 Peter ). 2 Pt 1:11 ; 2:20 ; 3:2, 18 that he has come saving... Being held until the day of judgment 'themselves ' have escaped ) this is spoken of who. … οὐ need not be regarded as a beast in a gin, as frequently, hypothetically! 2 ) these are called μιασματα, miasmata, things that infect pollute.